英単語メモ

最近さぼっていた英語の勉強をやった。主にボキャビルしかやってませんが…。iKnow! やってる人、フレンド登録しません!?今日は多義語。知ってる単語の別な意味について。自分、高校生の時、bookに「本」以外の意味があり、動詞にもなりえるんだって知った時ものすごい衝撃でした。辞書って大事なんだなーって思った。今日はそんな最近学んだ多義語とか紛らわしい単語をいくつか。

con⋅tract …普通名詞で「契約」とかそういう感じで使ってるが、実は動詞で「収縮する」という意味がある。

–noun 
1. an agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of something specified.
2. an agreement enforceable by law.
3. the written form of such an agreement.
4. the division of law dealing with contracts.
5. Also called contract bridge. a variety of bridge in which the side that wins the bid can earn toward game only that number of tricks named in the contract, additional points being credited above the line. Compare auction bridge.
6. (in auction or contract bridge)
a. a commitment by the declarer and his or her partner to take six tricks plus the number specified by the final bid made.
b. the final bid itself.
c. the number of tricks so specified, plus six.
7. the formal agreement of marriage; betrothal.
8. Slang. an arrangement for a hired assassin to kill a specific person.
–adjective
9. under contract; governed or arranged by special contract: a contract carrier.
–verb (used with object)
10. to draw together or into smaller compass; draw the parts of together: to contract a muscle.
11. to wrinkle: to contract the brows.
12. to shorten (a word, phrase, etc.) by combining or omitting some of its elements: Contracting “do not” yields “don't.”
13. to get or acquire, as by exposure to something contagious: to contract a disease.
14. to incur, as a liability or obligation: to contract a debt.
15. to settle or establish by agreement: to contract an alliance.
16. to assign (a job, work, project, etc.) by contract: The publisher contracted the artwork.
17. to enter into an agreement with: to contract a free-lancer to do the work.
18. to enter into (friendship, acquaintance, etc.).
19. to betroth.
–verb (used without object)
20. to become drawn together or reduced in compass; become smaller; shrink: The pupils of his eyes contracted in the light.
21. to enter into an agreement: to contract for snow removal.
―Verb phrase
22. contract out, to hire an outside contractor to produce or do.
―Idiom
23. put out a contract on, Slang. to hire or attempt to hire an assassin to kill (someone): The mob put out a contract on the informer.

意味多すぎ orz

penetrate
“挿入”関係でよく使う言葉だが(笑)、隠された意味を見抜くとか本質を理解するという意味もある。
あと、影響を与える、みたいな意味もあるみたいだね。単にエロい言葉かと思っていたが、いろいろな意味あるんだね。

1. to pierce or pass into or through: The bullet penetrated the wall. The fog lights penetrated the mist.
2. to enter the interior of: to penetrate a forest.
3. to enter and diffuse itself through; permeate.
4. to arrive at the truth or meaning of; understand; comprehend: to penetrate a mystery.
5. to obtain a share of (a market): to penetrate the Canadian coffee market.
6. to affect or impress (the mind or feelings) deeply.
7. to extend influence, usually peacefully, into the affairs of (another country).
–verb (used without object)
8. to enter, reach, or pass through something, as by piercing: We penetrated to the interior of the Kasbah.
9. to be diffused through something.
10. to understand or read the meaning of something.
11. to have a deep effect or impact on someone.

以下は似てる単語。

precipitate
–verb (used with object)
1. to hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly: to precipitate an international crisis

participate
–verb (used without object)

aloof ←最近のHelena。

crooked 発音を間違って覚えてたので笑われた。
ま、crookedというよりtwistedと言った方がよかったようだ。

Main Entry: crooked
Part of Speech: adjective
Definition: bent, angled
Synonyms: agee, anfractuous, angular, asymmetric, awry, bowed, catawampus, circuitous, cockeyed*, contorted, crippled, curved, curving, deformed, deviating, devious, disfigured, distorted, errant, gnarled, hooked, incurving, indirect, irregular, kinky, knurly, lopsided, meandering, misshapen, not straight, oblique, out of shape, rambling, roundabout, screwy*, serpentine, sinuous, skewed, slanted, snaky, spiral, tilted, topsy-turvy*, tortile, tortuous, twisted, twisting, uneven, warped, winding, zigzag
Antonyms: straight

ふう~。

そんな感じ。1月にテスト受けます。今まで、TOEIC, TOEFLはもちろん、英検すら受けたことなく、一回も自分の英語力を客観的にはかったことがありませぬ。自分の実力をテストで証明されるのは初めてなのでドキドキ。頑張ります。

主観的には…

ナンパ…大体オーケー
ハウスパーティの会話…たまにわからん
就職の面接…ダメ
映画とかLの世界…ストーリーは追える程度
コメディ…わからん。笑えない
夜の言葉攻め…意味は理解できるが自分ではできない
発音…日本人だよねってすぐバレバレ←英語で喋ってるのに日本人ってバレるとかなり死にたくなります

って感じの英語力です。まだまだです。でも頑張ってます。

今日は、RachelとかNelly軍団たちとローカルのパブに飲みに行きます。
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